All horses move in four different gaits, but some have a distinctive movement that is different from the rest, so what does it mean when a horse is gaited? Every horse has a walk, trot, canter, and gallop. However, certain breeds gait.
How Most Horses Move
When comparing a horse that gaits to a horse that moves like most, it is easiest to look at the trot. In a horse that does not gait the trot is two beats. The legs in this type of trot move as diagonal pairs.
When looking at the horse in the trot, the front leg moves forward at the same time as the opposite hind leg. The opposite diagonal pair that is not moving forward is on the ground. This way of moving creates the kind of bounce you feel when riding at the trot.
What Does A Gaited Horse Mean
The gaited horse does not move in the same way as other horses. It does not trot with diagonal pairs, thus there is no bounce in the movement. When a horse gaits, it moves each leg independently, so one foot is always on the ground.
When trotting, a gaiting horse will have four beats instead of one. Some gaited horses will pace. Pacing is when they more two legs nearly simultaneously. However, in the trot, they move two legs on the same side instead of diagonal pairs.
When you look closely at a gaited horse pacing, you will still see one of the legs land slightly before the other, unlike the trot of a non-gaited horse when two legs land at the same time. All gaited horses can canter, though it is sometimes a little choppy and requires certain training techniques to get a good canter.
What Is A Gaited Horse Breed
Several horse breeds are naturally gaited. Arguably the most familiar of these breeds is the Tennessee Walking Horse. The most interesting gaiting horse is the Icelandic Horse. This horse stands out because it has five gaits, instead of four.
The fifth gait of the Icelandic Horse is the tölt. It looks similar to a trotting gaited horse in that one foot always touches the ground and is four beats. It is faster than a trot and incredibly smooth, with very little bounce transmitted to the rider.
The tölt is almost as fast as the gallop with a maximum speed of 20 mph. This breed also has a flying pace. The flying pace is a two-beat gait, that is faster than the tölt. In this gait, the horse moves both legs on one side forward at the same time.
Other gaited horse breeds include the following.
- American Saddlebred
- Paso Fino
- American Standardbred
- Peruvian Paso
- Missouri Fox Trotter
- Old Kentucky Saddler
- Racking Horse
- Rocky Mountain Horse
- Smokey Valley Horse
Benefits Of Riding A Gaited Horse
Due to the way they move, gaited horses can conserve energy. This means they are excellent mounts for long-distance rides. Their stamina and comfortableness mean the gaited horse is an excellent trail horse.
The smooth feeling a gaiting horse gives its rider can make it easier to ride. It is a good ride for someone that suffers from back pain that can get worse with the trot of a non-gaited horse. The only precaution to take is that learning to ride on a gaited horse can make it difficult to progress your riding, as the easiness of the feel allows for easy neglect of working on your riding.
The gaited horse tends to have a kind, calm temperament. This makes them appealing for timid or inexperienced riders. It is, unfortunately, a common misconception that gaited horses are too wild and difficult to ride.
This misconception comes from looking at a gaiting horse from the ground where it looks like it doesn’t have an ideal temperament for novice riders. However, this is not the case.
The gaited horse has a long history. The Icelandic Horse originates with the Viking settlement of Iceland and remains one of the purest horse breeds in the world. American gaited horses originate in the 1600s.
These early American gaited horses descend from Hobbie and Galloway’s horses imported from Scotland and Ireland. Over time with selective breeding, the modern gaited horse breeds evolved to what we see today.
To sum everything up, a gaiting horse is a unique type of horse that moves differently from other breeds. It is a great horse for many riding activities.