Those with a love of horses can always enjoy them, but if you have concerns about weight, take a look at the best horse breed for heavy riders. If you are on the heavier side, the main consideration is for both your’s and the horse’s safety and comfort. You just need the right type of horse to create the best match.
General Rule For Horse and Rider Weight
The generally accepted rule for knowing if a rider is a safe weight for the horse is to go by 20 percent. What 20 percent means is that the horse can carry up to 20 percent of its body weight. Equestrians use this rule for both the horse’s welfare and the rider’s safety.
An example, for clarity, is to look at a 1,200-pound horse and find what 20 percent of this is. Working this out, you get 240. This means that a 1,200-pound horse can comfortably carry 240 pounds.
You need to take into account both the rider’s weight and how much the saddle weighs, as it is a maximum limit. Another consideration to take into account is the rider’s overall fitness, balance, and riding ability. A well-balanced rider, with good fitness levels and experience, will not tire a horse as quickly as a novice rider that lacks these.
This means that a 200-pound rider that lacks experience and balance can have more effect on the horse than a 250-pound rider in good shape and with experience. It is harder work for the horse to carry a beginner rider.
However, even with experience, you need to understand the limits of the type of horse you ride. It is detrimental to the horse’s welfare, for example, for a 200-pound rider to ride a light horse or smaller pony.
Breeds For Heavy Riders
Certain breeds are more likely to make suitable mounts for heavy riders. These horses have bigger bones and large body mass. A light, fine bone horse, such as the Thoroughbred, even if tall will not suit a larger rider. Let’s take a look at some good horse breeds for heavy riders.
Clydesdale is an excellent breed for big riders. These horses are not just for pulling wagons, they make excellent mounts. They have gentle, sensible temperaments, which are also ideal for novice equestrians.
Clydesdales are large horses that stand at least 16 hands, with most around 17 hands. This is also great for a tall rider that needs a horse that can comfortably take someone with long legs. The breed is strongly built with wide, muscular bodies and big bones.
The average Clydesdale weighs 1,600 to 1,800 pounds. This means they can take a maximum weight of up to 360-pounds. Remember to include the saddle weight in this, so if the saddle weighs 30-pounds you can add a rider that is 33- pounds.
The Irish Draught, while a cold-blood breed, is an athletic, friendly horse that is very versatile. These horses can take part in many equestrian activities, including jumping, showing, eventing, and even dressage.
This makes the Irish Draught a good choice for a rider that wants to take part in competitions. The breed is pretty sensible, intelligent, and strong. At the same time, it doesn’t always lack a little extra spark that some other cold blood breeds do.
The Irish Draught is also slightly smaller than other heavy breeds. They can stand from 15.2 to 17.2 hands tall and weigh 1,300 to 1,500 pounds. The fact that they are not necessarily the tallest breed, makes them a good choice for a shorter big rider.
Horses For Larger Riders
The Irish Draught and the Clydesdale aren’t the only breeds that are suitable for larger riders. Here we will introduce you to a few more.
The Shire is arguably the largest and strongest draft horse breed. Their history sees them working on farms and pulling carts as delivery horses. However, even though it is not the first breed you think of for riding, they are wonderful mounts.
The Shire has an unflappable personality and rarely gets upset about the things going on around it. They are extremely powerful, yet have calm, gentle, and friendly personalities. This makes them great for riders with less experience.
The average Shire weighs between 1,700 to 2,000 pounds. This means that they can comfortably carry a 300-pound rider after taking the saddle into the equation. The largest Shire ever on record was Sampson.
Sampson stood an impressive 21.2 hands tall. This breed has a large, sturdy build, making it an excellent choice for a tall, heavy rider.
The Percheron is another heavy horse breed. It is a draft horse that once helped toil the land but also is a good riding horse. Like other draft breeds, the Percheron is calm with a quiet disposition.
American Perherons are slightly smaller than their European cousins, but they all have big builds, large bones, and impressive strength. Many draft breeds have heavy feathering on their legs, which requires a lot of maintenance, but the Percheron has much less.
This makes them a bit easier to care for than, say, the Clydesdale, which needs extra attention in the care of its legs. An average Percheron weighs 1,800 to 2,000 pounds and stands between 16 and 17.2 hands tall.
The Cleveland Bay is a good choice for a heavy rider that wants a horse with more refinement. All horses in the breed are bay with black leg points. No white is permitted, except for a white star on the face.
The Cleveland Bay is a beautiful horse that is athletic and sensible. It is an excellent riding horse that can take part in a variety of equestrian activities. This breed is smaller than some others and usually stands between 16 to 16.2 hands tall.
The average Cleveland Bay weighs 1,400 to 1,500 pounds. Their smaller size makes them a good family horse that is safe for riders of all ages.
If you are a bigger rider, it doesn’t mean you can’t enjoy equestrian activities. You just have to know the type of horse that will best work for you. If you are riding a horse of the correct size, you will have a more comfortable ride.
It is also safer for the rider to sit on a horse that matches their size, as it is easier to find your balance. Plus, you can happily know that your horse is comfortable carrying you with one of the best horse breeds for heavy riders.
If you are a heavy rider and thinking of getting a horse, do some research into the best horse breed for heavy riders that we’ve highlighted here. One thing to always keep in mind is your experience. If you want to own a horse, always start by taking lessons.
This advice goes for all riders of every size. With lessons, you will develop your strength, fitness, and skill. You will also improve your balance. All of this will help you move on to a fun experience with horse ownership.