The Smallest Breeds of Draft Horses

Last Updated on December 1, 2021 by Urska

Ever wonder which horse is the smallest of the gentle giants? Then this article is for you! Draft horses are known for being the biggest of the horse breeds.  They are known for their height, width, and everything in between. But, what is the smallest draft horse breed? 

But. what if I told you the smallest breed of draft horse wasn’t even technically a horse, but a pony? That’s right! The smallest draft horses can measure so short that they can be considered ponies.

The two smallest draft breeds are Fjords and Halflingers.  If you want to be specific and exclude ponies from the mix, the smallest breed of draft horse is the Gypsy Vanner.

Smallest Draft Horse Breed: Haflingers

Haflingers are one of the most beloved breeds of ponies.  They are known for being dependable, versatile, athletic, and witty.  Haflingers are easy to pick out of a crowd due to their characteristic sorrel and palomino coloring.

Haflingers are small enough to be children’s horses but strong and stout enough to be an adult’s horses as well. They are traditionally on the taller side of ponies, most being about 14 hands.  The traditional cutoff for ponies is 14.2 hands.


This versatile breed excels in many different disciplines.  Personally, I have seen Halflingers in nearly every ring of competition.  I’ve seen them in the dressage ring, on the cross country course, in the children’s equitation and hunter rings, on the fox hunt field, running the barrel pattern, bending poles, and even just out on the trails.

Halflingers truly can do it all, and they do it with a positive can-do attitude.  They are known for being great family horses, and they are great with children and inexperienced riders.

The breed itself is considered a draft breed, due to some physical characteristics.  These include its wide chest and barrel, it’s large feet and its feathered legs.  

Smallest Draft Horse Breed: Fjords

An incredible draft “pony” breed that very few people know about its the Fjord.  The Fjord is an absolutely beautiful horse characterized by its unique coloring and draft-like build.  Fjords are similar in build and personality to the Halflinger.

As its name implies the Fjord hails from Norway and is more popular in Europe than it is in the Americas.  The Fjord bears a striking resemblance to the drawings of horses found in caves, done by early human civilizations.

It is believed that the Fjord is one of the oldest horse breeds.  The Fjord’s unique coloring lends itself to this theory. Fjords can come in many shades of dun, grey, and even sometimes light bay.  

But the breed has some unique characteristics that make these seemingly normal colors stand out.  These include their signature dorsal stripe, stretching from the end of their mane to the base of their tail, their draft legs frequently bragging of “zebra” stripes where the dark color ends, and their bi-colored mane, which resembles a backward oreo cookie.

Smallest Draft Horse Breed: Fjords

The Fjord’s mane typically matches the horse’s coat color, with a dark stripe right down the middle.  Fjords are accustomed to traveling over difficult terrain and are sturdy, trustworthy, and smart on their feet.

Fjords are used in many disciplines throughout Europe but are scarce in the Americas.  The only time I have seen a Fjord in the Americas was while I was attending a regional dressage championship.  

While sightings of Fjords maybe be more infrequent than sightings of Halflingers, the Fjord breed can be just as versatile.  They have the athleticism to succeed in the dressage ring, in lower level jumping rings, as trail horses, and as family horses.

Fjords measure very similarly with Halflingers; most in the 14 hand area, though some will run shorter, and some may run higher. This average will vary from horse to horse, but it is rare to get a Fjord under 14 hands and above 15 hands.

Smallest Draft Horse Breed: Gypsy Vanners

If you’re not buying the whole “draft pony” deal, then technically the Gypsy Vanner is the shortest draft horse breed.  Gypsy Vanners typically run in the upper 14-hand or 15 hand margin.  

Gypsy Vanners, as their name implies, were bred by Gypsies to be the ideal cart horse for Gypsy caravans.  They were bred by mixing Shires and Clydesdales with British ponies like the Fell and Dale, giving them their smaller size in a draft body.


Characteristically, Gypsy Vanners come in some kind of a pinto pattern, such as tobiano, sabino, and splash.  But they can also come in completely solid colors.  They are known for their extensive amount of feathering on their legs.

Gypsies are still used today as cart horses, but they are beginning to pop up in other disciplines such as dressage and trail riding. Similar to the Halflinger, the Fjord, and nearly all other draft breeds, they are known for their calm and gentle personality, as well as their surefootedness. 


So the smallest draft breed may not even be a horse, but a pony! Of course, there will always be exceptions to these standards.  There will always be that one “Halflinger” that ends up measuring more than 14.2 hands, and there will always be a Gypsy Vanner that ends up measuring over 16 hands.  

But, simply put, the smallest draft breeds are the Halflinger and the Fjord.  If you want the smallest draft breed, that is NOT a pony, then it is the Gypsy Vanner.  All three breeds are uncharacteristically short for the “draft” type of horse, and all three share many similar characteristics, outside of their height.

They are all known for being gentle, kind-hearted, trustworthy, and surefooted horses.  They make great partners for trail riding, dressage work, and family horses. Sure, they could succeed in other careers as well, but these are where they shine.

I hope this article helped you learn more about the three smallest breeds of draft horses and how they impact the equestrian community today.  If so, please share this article, and share with us your experience with Halflingers, Fjords, and Gypsy Vanners!


Are there miniature draft horses?

Draft horses are a type of horse that is traditionally used for work, such as pulling a cart or ploughing a field. However, draft horses come in a variety of different sizes, and some people may wonder if there are miniature draft horses.
In fact, there are two different breeds of miniature draft horses - the Welsh Cob and the Shetland Pony. While both of these breeds are smaller than traditional draft horses, they are still able to do the same kind of work as larger draft horses.
So if you are looking for a smaller draft horse, either the Welsh Cob or the Shetland Pony may be a good option for you. Both of these breeds are known for their gentle dispositions and easy-going nature, making them ideal for people who are new to horse ownership. And, since they are miniature horses, they are also much more affordable than traditional draft horses.

What is the cheapest draft horse breed?

If you are looking for a draft horse that is affordable, the Welsh Cob may be a good option for you. The Welsh Cob is a miniature draft horse, and it is one of the cheapest draft horse breeds available.
In case you are looking for a larger draft horse, the Clydesdale may be a better option for you. The Clydesdale is a draft horse breed that can be used for work, but they are not quite as strong as other draft breeds such as the Percheron and the Belgian. However, the Clydesdale is still much larger than miniature horses such as the Welsh Cob or Shetland Pony, and it may cost slightly more than a miniature draft horse.

What is the calmest draft horse breed?

If you are looking for a draft horse breed that is especially calm, the Shetland Pony may be a good option for you. The Shetland Pony is a draft horse breed that makes an excellent family pet. In fact, they can often be ridden by children without any special training or equipment.
In addition to being calm and easy-going, draft horses such as the Shetland Pony are also very intelligent and easy to train. This means that they will be eager to please their owner and respond well to training under most circumstances. They tend to require less training than most draft horse breeds because of their intelligence and willingness to learn. So if you are looking for a draft horse that is calm and easy to train, the Shetland Pony may be the perfect breed for you.

Are there draft horses that can be used for riding?

There are several different draft horse breeds that make excellent riding horses.
One of them is Clydesdale, which is a draft horse breed that can be used for work or pleasure. Clydesdales are known for their power and agility, making them an excellent choice for riders who are looking for a draft breed to use as a mount. They are also known for their calm and gentle dispositions, so Clydesdales are easy to handle under most circumstances.
American Cream horses may also be used for riding. These draft breed tend to be easier to train than many other draft horse breeds since they are naturally agile and intelligent.
In addition to these draft horse breeds, there are also Belgians and Percherons. These draft breeds make excellent mounts, but they do tend to require more training than Clydesdales and American Cream horses. Belgians and Percherons are calm and gentle horses, but they can sometimes be skittish or easily spooked.