Ever wonder what your horse body language is? Finding the answers may be easier than you think! Horses may not be able to speak to us, but they can tell us how they feel through body language. Sometimes obvious, sometimes subtle, horses use their bodies to communicate with us and to communicate with other horses.
Horses use all parts of their bodies to “speak,” but the easiest to decipher are their ears, legs, and muzzle. In this article, I will be discussing what your horse is saying by using different positions and behaviors in these three areas.
Horse Body Language
Horse Ears Positions
Horses’ ears are by far the most expressive part of their bod in terms of communication. There are at least seven ear-positions that can tell you what a horse is thinking and feeling. The chart below shows these positions.
The first position shown is “ears forward but relaxed.” This indicates that the horse is paying attention to whatever is in front of him. He is interested, but not concerned. He may be watching the horses around him, or looking for the source of a sound he heard. He is paying attention to something, but not on high alert.
Ears Turned Back
The second position shown is “ears turned back but relaxed.” This is similar to the first one, except for that the horse is paying attention to whatever is behind him. This could be a rider on his back or horses behind him. Again, he is interested, but not worried. He is listening to some kind of sound coming from behind him, but he is not worried that he needs to run from it.
Ears Pointed Stiffly Forward
The third position shown is “ears pointed stiffly forward.” This is a high-alert position. If a horse looks like this, he is concerned about something in front of him. He is weighing the options of staying or running, depending on how scared or nervous he is. This could be caused by contact with unfamiliar objects or sounds, or by behaviors of horses around him.
Ears Pointed Left and right
The fourth position shown is “ears pointed left and right.” This is the behavior of a relaxed horse. He isn’t paying too much attention to any one thing, but he is still aware of what is going on around him. He is content and unbothered.
Ears Stiffly Back
The fifth position shown is “ears stiffly back.” This position is similar to the third position, “ears pointed stiffly forward.” It is also a high-alert position, and the most common actions to result from this position are kicking and bolting. The horse is paying close attention to something going on behind him. He is either annoyed or angered by it or scared and nervous of it.
The sixth position shown is “droopy ears.” This is the position of a horse at rest; not only relaxed but close to or already sleeping. My horse will frequently fall asleep in the cross-ties during grooming, and his ears will flop to either side like this. A horse’s head will frequently hang lower when his ears are in this position, as he is fully relaxed and resting.
Ears Flattened Against The Neck
The seventh position shown is “ears flattened against the neck.” This isn’t a position of high-alert, it’s a position of anger. Frequently used in aggressive situations with other horses, the horse will most likely bite, kick, or otherwise lash out if he is demonstrating this position. He is angry about something and is ready to fight.
Horse Body Language: Horse Legs Language
An action that often scares people new to horses is stomping. Horses lift and stomp their hooves quickly on the ground. The most common reason for this action is flies. Horses use the stomping motion to get rid of flies that bite at their legs.
Pawing is a similar action to stomping, but it involves a front-to-back motion and uses less force to hit the ground. Horses frequently paw the ground out of impatience or boredom. My horse paws the ground when he is in the cross-ties, waiting to go for a ride.
Three Legs On The Ground
Another common leg position is three legs on the ground, one leg cocked. Think of when we stand with our weight on one foot and relax the other one. When a horse has a leg cocked, he is relaxed, possibly on his way to falling asleep.
Find more information about your horse’s moods and body language in this chart by equusmagazine.
Horse Body Language: Horse Muzzle
My favorite body language position that horses show is the drooping lip. When a horse’s bottom lip is limp and drooping down from his muzzle, this is a sign that he is completely relaxed and trusting of his situation. He is most likely close to falling asleep.
When a horse chews (and isn’t eating) this means that he is thinking or processing something. It is a good sign when a horse is in training; he is learning and thinking about what is being asked of him. During training, the horse is often chewing on the bit. This often means that the horse enjoys his job and is ready to work.
Often confused with chewing is grinding teeth. When a horse grinds their teeth, it means nearly the exact opposite of chewing.
Flared nostrils are a sign that a horse has been working hard. A horse flares his nostrils to get a higher oxygen intake while breathing. Horses do this during rides, or during turnout, if they have been running.
Check the following video that explains reading horse behavior:
Horses may not have words to speak, but they speak through their body language. Their ears, legs, and muzzles give signs to how they are feeling and what they are thinking. I hope this article helped you better understand how horses use body language to communicate! If it did, please share it, and share with us your experiences of horses communicating through body language!