Is A Stallion A Male Or Female – It’s Simple!

Horses go by several different generic names, filly, colt, mare, and yearling, all depending on their age and gender, but is a stallion a male or female? If you are new to horses, all of these generic names can get confusing. Here will clear all of that up for you, particularly covering what a stallion is.

Is A Stallion A Male Or Female

A stallion horse is a male horse, but it is not the only type of male horse. A gelding is also a male horse, and so is a colt. Colt applies when the male horse is age three and below. Gelding applies to a male horse that is castrated.

Only a stallion is capable of breeding. A colt can also breed as young as age one, so you do need to separate colts from mares. Geldings are no longer able to reproduce. If you are confused, compare it to neutering a male dog to help you understand.

Is A Stallion A Male Or Female

Stallion Horse Characteristics

Stallions possess certain characteristics that female horses (mares) and geldings do not have. Stallions are not suitable for novice horse handlers as these traits require knowledgeable handling. Some stallions are easier to handle than others, depending on their individual temperaments.

Stallions demonstrate dominant behavior. It is usually not possible to turn a stallion out with other horses. If he is in a paddock with mares, he will breed with any willing mare. A stallion will see a gelding as a threat and attack them. In some cases, with a careful upbringing of a stallion with a gelding, companions mean you can safely turn them out together. Stallions also require high paddock fencing. He will not stop at a regular fence if nearby mares are in season.

Temperament greatly affects how manageable a stallion is to handle. Some, if they receive good training, are quiet with good manners. However, even these stallions can have their instinctive moments.

Wild Stallion Behavior

In the wild, a stallion takes control of a group of mares. He will fight another stallion to keep control of his family. Young stallions that have yet to win any mares will travel in small groups together, know as bachelor herds.

Fighting is a last resort after bravado does not cause one of the stallions to back down. It is common for stallions to steal mares from other herds. Stallions living together only work in the wild as the horses have plenty of room to flee.

When two stallions are in a paddock together, they move more quickly to fight as there is no place to go. This is very dangerous and can result in very serious injuries.

Keeping A Stallion

The traditional way of keeping a stallion is a life of isolation. This thinking is starting to change. Horses are social animals, and isolation of stallions only leads to more behavioral issues. Careful upbringing and introductions with geldings let stallions have the necessary companionship with other horses.

If done correctly, you can safely stable a stallion next to a gelding he accepts as a friend with bars in the wall.

Formula 707 Calming Equine Supplement 10LB Bucket – Anxiety Relief and Enhanced Focus for Horses

Gelding Characteristics

Geldings are no longer under the influence of the hormones that create stallion behavior. You can put geldings in a paddock with other horses. They do not show as much unpredictable behavior and remain calmer around mares.

In general, geldings are calmer and easier to handle. Geldings sometimes grow taller than stallions. Gelding is not a new procedure for male horses.

In fact, the procedure goes back centuries. The first known mention of gelding a male horse is a mention by Aristotle in the year 350 B.C.E.

Interesting Facts About Stallions

  • The Thoroughbred stallion, Tapit, currently commands the highest stud fee in the industry, of $300,000.
  • The Spanish Riding School, located in Austria, trains some of the worlds most beautiful and famous stallions, the Lipizzaner
  • The legendary racing stallion, Galileo, has a stud fee of ‘private’. Rumor has it that his fee is over half a million.
  • Dubawi, a racing stallion at stud in the United Kingdom has a stud fee of £250,000 ($353,000)
  • Many of the most famous racehorses in history are stallions. This includes Man O’War, Secretariat, Native Dancer, and Frankel. 
  • The most influential Hanoverian breeding stallion is Abglanz
Interesting Facts About Stallions


As you can see, the answer to is a stallion a male or female is straightforward. A stallion is always and only a male horse. A female horse is a mare, or if she is younger than age 3, she is a filly. All horses younger than age 1 are foals. When all horses turn 1, they are yearlings.

Related Posts